In 2003, in recognition of the universal significance of Nikola Tesla and his inventions, UNESCO added Tesla’s archive, as part of the moveable human documentary heritage, to the Memory of the World Register, the highest form of protection of cultural assets. On the national level, the Parliament of the Republic of Serbia, in 2005, brought a Resolution declaring the archival material preserved in the Nikola Tesla Museum as the Personal Collection of Nikola Tesla to be cultural material of exceptional significance.
Basic protective measures for any kind of documentary material must include physical protection. In keeping with this, the Museum’s archival materials have been repacked in new folders and boxes, made to the highest standards. Special air-conditioned chambers have been designed and installed for the final disposal and preservation of the archival material, and a conservation and restoration program is under way. The basis of the equipment which maintains all the conditions of the microclimate in these chambers is a modified Tesla air pump. Thus the original documents are preserved in the best possible conditions, and the principal guardian is a Tesla invention which was never patented.
One special aspect of protection is the digitalization of documentary material. The process of digitalization produces copies which may be used in place of the originals. The entire collection of the Museum has been digitalized and also microfilmed. This procedure secures the permanence of the material for future generations. The Nikola Tesla Museum, as a complex institution for the protection of cultural materials, embraces the vision of “permanent and universal availability of the documentary legacy” as the goal to which it aspires. In this it shares the lot of many similar institutions in terms of the particular restrictions on access to all parts of the moveable legacy of Nikola Tesla.
The Nikola Tesla Museum was conceived from the outset as a complex institution, encompassing cultural, educational, scientific and memorial functions. This largely determined its original vision and mission. As a cultural institution, the Museum deals with the protection and presenta-tion of Tesla’s legacy.
Recognizing the universal importance of Nikola Tesla and his creation, on 16th October 2003 UNESCO included Tesla's archive, as a part of the movable documentary heritage of mankind in the Register "Memory of the World".